PROLOGUE: THE TRUTH ABOUT DARWIN — AND US
Long before I became a systems scientist and evolution theorist myself,
I was a journalist and investigative reporter. I was, in fact, one of
the earliest handful of television newsmen who set out after World War
II inspired by the tradition of getting at the “story behind the
story” being established by the great Edward R. Murrow in the days
of television’s pioneering. On a much smaller scale, I did the kind
of “on the road” feature Charles Kuralt later became famous
One of the main things a good journalist learns early on is to question
the word of authority. No matter who says it, double-check it. Nose around
behind the scenes for what others are saying. Put it all together and
come up with the real story.
But the times changed, my needs changed, and during my years of a deepening
involvement with science and climbing the ladder toward a professorship
I put that earlier life behind me. But then the trouble began. From being
fresh to science and academia, from having to learn so much that was new,
wanting to get it right and make no waves, I was for more years than I
care to remember under pressure to ignore what one might call the sixth
sense of the fourth estate, or the aginbite of the six o’clock news.
Wherever my interests strayed from the new career I was building in psychology
into all the other areas of science that systems science explores I kept
bumping up against it. Something unsettling, off balance, out of alignment
like a back in need of a chiropractor.
Many others saw it too. Indeed, I came to see it had been a leit motif
for science throughout the 20th century but cumulatively ignored as the
perceptions wavered and varied. It was like in a mystery story where the
focus keeps shifting as the author plays a guessing game with the reader
as to the identity of the real killer.
Finally I could take it no longer. Putting aside the interest in moral
development that had become my driving passion in research, as well as
other books underway, for much of a decade I reverted to my earlier identity
to probe as both scientist and news hound behind what we have been told
for a century about Darwin, his theory of evolution, and what Darwin’s
theory supposedly tells us about ourselves.
What was the real story behind all these books
about the sacrifice of millions of fruit flies, of naked apes and naked
mole rats, of selfish genes, memes, mystifying mathematics, and TIT for
TAT? What did this heady flurry of sacred names for the supposedly super-Darwinian
new faith of sociobiology morphed into evolutionary psychology signify?
Hamilton, Trivers, Wilson, Dawkins, Dennett, and like something out of
an old P.G. Wodehouse book along with Bertie Wooster and Gussie Fink-Nottle,
the latest, Pinker— it was like the required daily reading of one’s
rosary in book after book.
Beyond question work of great historic importance was done by the earlier
neoDarwinians, or Neos. Work of much significance also goes on behind
the excesses of these Super-Neos who were their successors. But for the
Super-Neos too much of what they say and do seemed the atrocious apotheosis
of what has been decried as disjointed and off balance in Darwinian dogma
by thousands of open-minded and venturesome scientists over the century.
Why now in book after book did this new clique of self-proclaimed Darwinians
act like everybody else in the great wide world of science was either
stupid or foolishly out of step with them? And why this pose of being
the noble Horatio at the bridge outnumbered on all sides by enemies when
they had taken over so much of the worlds of academia and publishing?
For by the turn of the 20th into the 21st century most of the books, and
television programs, and space in newspapers or magazines to reach out
beyond science to the citizen— upon whom the fate of democracy,
if not evolution itself, depends— was being sopped up either by
the Super-Neos or the Creationists.
Particularly repellent to me as a newsman back in the days of blacklisting
and Senator Joseph McCarthy was the difference between the modesty and
respect for others that was a primary characteristic of the man they claimed
for their patron saint, Charles Darwin, and the arrogance and the tone
and content of the vituperation many of the Super-Neos and their followers
reveled in. Labeling the late Stephen Jay Gould a Marxist was not only
a routine favorite pastime they shared with the rightist mindset, but
Gould was treated in print as though he was less than the dirt beneath
their feet. Worst of all, however, I found, was how the Super-Neo “debate”
was being used by a handful of the Super-Neo super-stars and their publishers
to transform science into another commodity, like the hotdog concession
for a football game, while in the real world beyond academic glitz evolution
was literally becoming a question of life or death for millions of us,
if not indeed for our species.
What behind this charade was the truth about human evolution? Who really
are we? How did we become so much less than we have dreamed of? With nuclear
overkill, terrorists, and potential environmental wipeout closing in on
us from all sides, most vitally where are we headed ? And what are our
chances to make it?
Much as an archeologist does in pursuit of the clues, I began to dig down
layer by layer in search of what I sensed was a lost world buried somewhere
there beneath the modern rubbish. After what at times seemed the labor
of the damned, doomed never to be published, I found behind the theory
and story of Charles Darwin as it has been told and sold to us for more
than a century something that at first was impossible to believe. But
digging behind scenes in the old way for the journalist, as well as the
document-and-triple-check-it way of the scientist, has given me what this
book is about.
For I did indeed find a lost world. Deep down beneath and back in time
from the picture we have of Darwin, of evolution, and of ourselves today
I found the full, completed, unedited and unvarnished theory and story
as Darwin actually originally wrote them out— not to confuse and
cut us off from our true evolutionary path, as became the bewildering
and time-wasting course of what happened to our species for over a century.
Instead I found what, out of a deep love and caring for life in all its
wondrous forms, he wrote out at length wanting to best outfit us for the
journey to a better world.
The Old Story and the New Story
As most of us know either from high school or college, Charles Darwin
wrote two major books about evolution. The Origin of Species,
which became popularized as somehow involving “selfish genes”
and a “blind watchmaker,” was about the grim and often bloody
crunch of natural selection on variation. Then came The Descent of
Man. Where Origin had been confined to prehuman life, Descent
was supposed to tell us what we needed to know and teach about what happened
at our level of emergence—or the expectations
and dynamics of human evolution. In other words,
this was the presumably valuable guide to the ins and outs of life at
our level that all over the world the dedicated
teacher was supposed to automatically direct the inquiring student to.
And what were we told was in it?
As few of us ever read Descent, we assumed from the message of
Darwinian authority that it must be mainly about “survival of the
fittest” and how our species, fiercely competitive and naturally
violent, is mainly driven by selfishness to tromp over the rights of others,
trash the planet, and seize everything possible for ourselves even when
we are pretending to be good.
However repellent the idea, we mainly accepted it without question, for
wasn’t this also the underlying lesson of the history of our species
as by rote we ourselves were taught and expected to teach it? Wasn’t
this the message of that list of dates for the wars we were to memorize
and all the land grabs of dynasties that supposedly advanced civilization?
What thoroughly unsettled me when it finally sank in was to find that
this was not only the story but also the theory of human evolution that
under the banner of Darwinism prevailed for mainstream science as well
as mainstream scholarship not just for a little while, or only here and
there. Digging down bit by bit and layer by layer, I finally came to see
that for most of us this was it almost wall
to wall throughout the whole of the 20th century!
Among ourselves, we scientists and other scholars—as I came to know
through conference after conference and the rattling battle of articles
in journals— widely disagreed and argued about the fine points to
this theory. Some of us saw “higher” alternatives, some saw
“lower” alternatives, many even discarded Darwin entirely.
But beyond this cherished and often jolly discourse, unnoticed by us as
we merrily argued on and on, was the drop in temperature and the gathering
of the wind for a social hurricane. What we didn’t see was that
as far as we the people were concerned, what absorbed we the scientists
and the scholars were only wordy “head trips” for reprints
in the tiny print that we the people did not read and wordy symposiums
we did not attend.
What mattered in our lives—and this with the devastating consequences
I came to see and will get to in this book— was the central Darwinian
story line of life as basically this brutal and fearful business of survival
of the fittest above all else driven by selfishness.
This was supposedly the experts’ message backed by unquestionable
authority we first encountered in grade school or high school biology
in the tidy miniature. It began, for example, with the seemingly innocuous
“unit” in which Mr. Bixby or Miss Gilmore explained how natural
selection produced the variety of finches on Galapagos or the eye of a
frog. Pursuing the trail through the educational system I saw how this
intriguing experience had become the legitimizing toehold in the mind
for what was pumped up to the next stage by the authors of textbooks,
the popular writers and discussions of books on evolution, even the bloody
“classics” we were assigned to read. Again and again we were
confronted with the logical implications of the Darwinian shaping of finch
and frog for human evolution— i.e., the picture of ours as a species
not only similarly shaped by natural selection but also most
basically driven by the brutalizing impact of the “principle”
of survival-of-the fittest.
Then along came the movies and television and the incredible power of
the media world I knew so well from having been there and done it. Pumped
up to the next stage by a voracious technology that now not only reached
into but often effectively possessed the minds within multi-millions of
homes, this became the gory story line that via the Darwinian game show
(e.g., Survivor, Survivor II, The Weakest Link, The Fear Factor, Greed,
Dog Eat Dog for the 2002 season alone), plus the celebration of gangsters,
swindlers, and killing in ever more horrible and ingenious ways, was being
spread around the world with a bloody new mind-binding power. Worldwide
fearfully welding mind to mind, this is the bedrock vision of who we and
the neighbors really are that millions of students have generation after
generation dutifully learned to pass on to their children and students
when they themselves grew up to become parents and teachers.
Psychologically, this was the Darwinian “social foot print”
with the impact of the tromp of a King Kong amid the villagers of mass
mind. Politically and economically this was the disturbance that from
a tiny funnel along the horizon became the invisible tornado that I came
to see laid waste to earlier hopes for the 20th century. Because of how
false it was to what both Darwin and the best of his successors had actually
written out for all to see and heed, I decided to call this force that
warped our history and diverted evolution the paradigm of PseudoDarwinian
Mind. This we’ll probe in this book looking for ways to cut it loose
and put it behind us.
And what was and is Darwin’s truth—that is, the true
theory and the true story of human evolution?
It took me more than two decades of work beyond my news days to gain the
learning and experience one had to have to know how to dig up and piece
it together. I also had to pile up the credentials needed to gain publication
for what I found. I had to put in the years to gain the requisite M.A.
and Ph.D.; to teach at Princeton; to become a professor and research director
of a major project at the UCLA School of Medicine; to lay down the track
of publications, including an award-winning book, to make it obvious to
even the most skeptical there must be something here.
Most crucial in the end, I also had to co-found and work for over a decade
with a remarkable group of research scientists, educators, and other scholars
from Italy, Hungary, Finland, England, France, Germany, Russia, and China
as well as the U.S. in the development of advanced evolution theory. Otherwise,
what I report here would never have been believed. And after all this,
here was the irony: that in the end I found the quickest and most effective
way of finding the lost map to the better world our species has sought
for thousands of years was something any computer literate eight year
The True Story of Human Evolution
By chance I came across a CD-ROM version of The Descent of Man,
which made a computerized word search of this and other books by Darwin
possible. Using the simple “find’ procedure familiar to most
of us these days, I then did some word counts looking for what—
based on all we have been taught or told— we would expect to find
in this purported pivotal guide to the ways and means of human
evolution. Here are the results.
Survival of the fittest, used 2 times in Descent
Competition, 9 times
Selfish and selfishness, 12 times
Was this possible? Surely, it couldn’t be. For what we are looking
at here is the purported scientific and educational emphasis for a whole
century—that is, this has been it for the old story
for human evolution.
In other words, what we have been told by mainstream Darwinians and evolution
theorists chiefly matters in human evolution
in Descent actually collapses into hardly more than a blip within
this book of 898 pages of very small print. And in one of the two places
for “survival of the fittest” Darwin is actually apologizing
for exaggerating the importance of this concept!
I then tried word counts for some of the things most of us as educators
or parents have wished Darwin might have written
of—in other words, things that in our unscientific naivete might
seem to be of supreme developmental or evolutionary importance in our
lives, things indeed that for thousands of years our greatest spiritual
visionaries and philosophers have pointed toward as paths to the better
Love = 95 times
Moral sensitivity and morality = 92
Sympathy = 61
Mutual, mutuality, mutual aid = 24
Could it be that Darwin had actually written that it was caring
for others, moral sensitivity and cooperation (for they
used “mutuality” in place of the word “cooperation”
back then) that mainly drives ahead human evolution?
But there was more. Likewise dumbfounding, here are the word counts for
what I found he was also writing about in completing his theory of evolution—or
what most matters at our species level of emergence.
Mind = 90
“Intellectual qualities and powers” = 58
“Intellectual powers” = 17
Reason = 53
Imagination = 25
Learning = 18
Consciousness = 15
Curiosity = 14
Instruction = 10
Brain = 110
Habit = 108
What are we looking at here? Could this be true? For isn’t this
what, from the Greeks to the Enlightenment, the great classics of our
species celebrate? Isn’t this what we seek as parents and as teachers
to bring to life and encourage in our students and our children? Isn’t
this what every one of us with the least spark or spunk of mind going
for us most deeply values?
In brain and mind,
aren’t we looking at the tool we use to mine meaning from the stuff
of life? In habit aren’t we looking at the glue for the learning
process that locks the treasure of meaning in place in mind?
“Oh these are only word counts,” the skeptic unacquainted
with the power of this long-established social and systems scientific
methodology will say. These counts, I found, were backed up by page after
page of the text that Darwin wrote only to be almost entirely ignored
or bypassed for over 100 years, which the chapters of this book recover
word for word. What I saw we are looking is not the evolution of our species
as for a century it has been holy writ for much of science to portray
it. Instead, we are looking at the evolutionary upgrading of our span
on earth as a revolution of mind that drives action against
all that would blunt, or divert, or diminish, or imprison us.
And isn’t this revolution driven by what our own good sense tells
us is the case, but which has failed to gain the expert corroboration
that could make us sure of it? In a nation and far too much of the rest
of the world hellbent on numbing and dumbing itself down, isn’t
this the revolutionary as well as evolutionary thrust traditionally denied
by the Neos and even mocked by the Super-Neos of education
Rather than being driven by the selfish gene, isn’t what matters
at our level of evolution the unselfish teacher?
Blotting Out the Better World
I really cannot adequately express how this hit me when these word counts
finally slammed across what I had been seeing over all the years of my
own research and that of countless others either moving toward this simple
revelation or again and again pointing it out only to be ignored.
Set out this way, bit by bit, carefully within context, the difference
between genes and teachers as the drivers of human evolution seems obvious,
of course. One might think it was impossible for anyone to think otherwise.
But the power of the paradigm of PseudoDarwinian Mind is one of the most
subtle of the hidden facts of our lives. I saw that across the board,
with few exceptions, those of us who pride ourselves on being educated
are rigorously taught to go by what we are told by authority rather than
by what we can see with our own eyes. It is true we may be aware of something
called “cultural evolution.” We may, as I and countless others
were at some point, even be involved in the study of the psychology of
learning. But after a century of indoctrination by the portion of science
with a monopoly on evolution theory—with, one might say, the Biology
Corporation’s “gene” franchise like a hamburger stand
on every corner— for most of us in other fields of science to link
learning or culture to evolution has seemed a daring quantum jump beyond
the limits decreed for our field.
One of the reasons I left the world of the newsman was that I tired of
just reporting on the awful things we were doing to each other. Wanting
to do something about changing what I was forced to see and report again
and again and again, I left journalism to become a social and systems
scientist because I thought this was the way to build the better world.
But was this blind alley what the great founders of science and education
had meant for these pivotal fields to become?
In only 300 years had science and education become the burial ground rather
than the birth place of truth?
For this discrepancy didn’t indicate just some minor distortion
and cover-up by “the establishment.” Darwin’s is the
main theory that opened up modern times. It was the major revolution for
mind upon which much of the science of all living systems has been based
as well as our hopes for progressive education. And directly to the point
of what I had personally experienced as a child of the Great Depression,
as a veteran of World War II, and afterward observed as a working newsman
and social commentator, throughout the 20th century this theory
was a major source of guidance for social policy.
In other words, what I came to see as I pushed on and on into what had
become the no man’s land for much of science was this: that behind
the politics, behind the economics, behind the schools and every other
large social entity that shapes our lives, lies what we have been taught
is the gospel according to Charles Darwin of kill, clobber, or outsmart
thy brother before he kills, clobbers, or outsmarts you. Worded of course
much more discretely and evasively, this I saw
has been core dogma for the science used to either back up or justify
the mess across the board that the 20th has now passed on to the 21st
This was further the man and the theory that probably more than any other
contribution by any other member of our species has been poured over and
written about by more hundreds of thousands of scientists and other scholars.
Surely it was impossible, but what else are we to conclude? For if this
discrepancy was true—if dutifully, lockstep over a century, they
could say his emphasis was on selfishness and “survival of the fittest”
when in fact he wrote far more often of love and moral sensitivity at
our level of emergence— it pointed toward a blinding and cover-up
of inconceivably huge dimensions.
Keeping this last major and potentially most important report of the voyaging
of that great mind from ever reaching us would have required an arrangement—
albeit unconscious, clearly non-intentional—involving much of the
world of science, of scholarship, of education, and yes, too, of publishing
and journalism stretching from Darwin’s death well over 100 years
ago through the whole of the 20th century into the 21st century. How on
earth could this have happened?
There were other reasons: of history, of personality, of the vagaries
of scholarship and publishing. But I found the short answer and the main
reason was this. The “better half” we are to look at in this
book was buried by paradigm. More specifically, it was tucked away and
plastered over by the systems dynamics of the vast invisible, blinding,
binding, under-girding and over-riding power of PseudoDarwinian Mind we
are to grapple with in this book.
Simply stated, Origin’s view of life as a bloody battle
for survival of the fittest happens to fit the prevailing mindset for
what we call “the powers-that-be,” “the power elite,”
“the establishment,” “the fat cats,” or “ruling
upper crust” in practically all areas of life around the globe,
democracies included. It fits and serves the purpose of the top down or
dominator governance model still prevailing in business, in government,
in education, and— as the super-bloody Islamic terrorism now atop
redneck Christian terrorism has at last forced us to see— in the
worst kind of thing masquerading as religion. So why should science be
the one exception?
Discovery and Reconstruction of the Lost Theory
The full answer to the question of how and why the lost top half or completion
for Darwin’s theory could be blotted off the map for over 100 years
I found to be so long, complex, and of such immense importance for us
to fully understand, it could only be adequately handled in another book.
Here we will focus on the lost theory itself, on the incredible story
that moves out from and around it, and on the implications for all of
us who today are trying to find a way to get back on track in the journey
to the better world that seems bogged down in detours everywhere.
We will explore what the lost top half is, how Darwin came to write it,
its radical difference point for point with what we have been told is
the truth about ourselves according to Darwin, the startling range of
modern science he both anticipates and that corroborates his vision, the
rise and spread throughout Western civilization of the blinding power
of the paradigm of PseudoDarwinian Mind, and how by exposing and understanding
it for the sickness it is we can put it behind us.
In Part I: A Young Man’s Bold Vision, we meet and get to know Darwin
in the critical months during which he first strayed on what became the
known theory of evolution for which he became famous but also the seemingly
contrary insights that became the lost completion for his theory of evolution.
We also get to know the first of the amazing number of works of modern
science he anticipates, which in turn not only corroborate the power and
coherence of the lost theory. Cumulating quietly and steadily over a century
of neglect, in fleshing out Darwin’s original vision these key modern
works point the way toward the fully human, or “full spectrum, action-oriented”
theory and story of evolution that now offers our children and grand children,
i.e., our species, its hope for the better world and a better future.
In Part II: An Old Man’s Surprises, it’s now 30 years later.
Darwin is world famous, a happy but frequently ill family man. With his
sprawling home in the little town of Down functioning as a combination
research and publishing center, at the hub of a worldwide network of corresponding
naturalists, with his children working like a band of elves as research
and book publishing assistants, he now picks up the task where he left
off earlier. Chapter after chapter we follow him as he writes of what,
in page after page, is to be published in all the major languages of this
earth only to disappear as surely as if if it had been written in invisible
Night after night, we are there in Darwin’s study in Down House
as he now writes of who we really are. Of how
rather than as we have been brain-washed over many centuries to believe,
we are basically good, more often than not driven by moral sensitivity.
Of how, though selfish, we are also driven by love to transcend selfishness,
and of how, though fiercely motivated to survive and prevail, we are also
driven by the transcendent need to respect and care for the needs of others.
We are there as he writes of how though in part, or even throughout much
of our lives, we may be the captives, victims and even slaves of forces
larger than ourselves, above all we are driven by a brain and a mind with
the hunger and the capability for a choice of destiny in a world in which
choice of destiny is an option.
And we are there as he writes of where we are going.
Not of how we are driven blindly, witlessly, through a life with no predictability,
which has convinced us we are but sheep in need of the wolf as leader,
but rather of how we are driven by a brain that demands of life a sense
of meaning and purpose, and by the vision of a better future.
We are there as, to buck us up, he writes, “That the way is not
easy, that we face enormous obstacles, is everywhere evident.”
As he tells us, “Important as the struggle for existence has been
and even still is, yet as far as the highest part of our nature is concerned
there are other agencies more important. For the moral qualities are advanced
either directly or indirectly much more through the effects of habit,
by our reasoning powers, by instruction, by religion, etc., than through
As he writes, “But the more important elements for us are love,
and the distinct emotion of sympathy.”
Of how, “Looking to future generations, there is no cause to fear
that our social instincts will grow weaker.”
And of how, “The birth both of the species and of the individual
are equally parts of that grand sequence of events that our minds refuse
to accept as the result of blind chance. The understanding revolts at
such a conclusion.”
ABOUT DAVID LOYE
Behind the books of David Loye lies an unusual career path. A news correspondent
with the Navy in the closing years of World War II, he became a television
newsman during the Edward R.Murrow days of early television pioneering.
After writing an award winning book on American history and gaining his
doctorate in psychology in early middle age, while a Princeton and UCLA
School of Medicine faculty member he was the research director for major
studies of political values, the use of the brain and mind in prediction,
and the impact of movies and television on adults.
In later years, after co-founding two international organizations involved
in advanced evolution studies, he has focused primarily on the development
of action-oriented evolution theories. So far, these include Moral Transformation
Theory, Evolutionary Action Theory, and a Triadic Theory of Evolution.
With his wife and partner, evolution theorist and well-known author of
The Chalice and the Blade and Tomorrow’s Children
Riane Eisler, Loye is a co-founder of The Center for Partnership Studies,
in which Eisler and Loye both still remain active as board members and,
respectively, president and vice president. The Center is a nonprofit
organization involved in the development of the Partnership Educational
Program for advancement of American and global education. The Darwin Project
is a venture of the Center’s Partnership Outreach Program.
THE BOOKS OF DAVID LOYE
The current focus for The Darwin Project is on the first of The Darwin
“Better World” Cycle of seven books by Loye. Nearing publication
by SUNY Press is The Great Adventure: Toward a Fully Human Theory
of Evolution. Based on Loye’s discovery and startling reconstruction
of Darwin’s “lost theory” and its implications for humanity
in the 21st century, other books in the cycle include Darwin’s
Truth: Who We Really Are and Where We’re Going and The
Darwin Scam: How the Truth About Our Species was Buried for 100 Years.
Publication of these and other books for the cycle follows publication
of parts earlier in World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution,
Zygon, Advanced Development, Brain and Mind,
Pluriverso, The Journal of Futures Studies, the Annual
Proceedings of the International Society for Systems Sciences, and
other publications in the U.S., Europe, and Asia.
The Healing of a Nation (Norton, 1971; Delta, 1972) is a national
award-winning book on the psychology, sociology, and history of race relations
in America. In The Leadership Passion (Jossey-Bass, 1977) Loye
pioneered in the development of a systems psychology of liberals and conservatives
and the dynamics of politics. In The Knowable Future (Wiley,
1978) he moved on to explore the new field of futures studies and to begin
the work of many years in the study of how we predict the future. The
Sphinx and the Rainbow (Shambhala New Science Library, 1982; Bantam,
1984; with German, Japanese, Italian, and Portuguese editions) expanded
this venture into brain research and his development of a holographic
brain-mind theory for futures prediction. All of these books have been
republished and are now again available through amazon.com, iuniverse.com,
bn.com, and elsewhere.
With Riane Eisler, Loye co-authored The Partnership Way (Harper
San Francisco, 1990; Holistic Education Press, 1997). He is the editor
of The Evolutionary Outrider (Adamantine, Praeger, 1998), a book
of essays by Ervin Laszlo, Fritjof Capra, Hazel Henderson, Riane Eisler,
Loye and others on the human impact on evolution. An Arrow Through
Chaos (Park Street Press, 2000) applies pioneering work by Loye to
show we have a far greater capacity for both predicting and shaping the
future than present chaos theory allows. Making It in the Dream Factory
(forthcoming from Hampton Press) is a 20 year systems study and hard-hitting
critique of the making, marketing, and impact of movies and television
programs on the American and global mind. Forthcoming from SUNY Press,
The Great Adventure: Toward a Fully Human Theory of Evolution
contains chapters by Loye and other members of the General Evolution Research
Group on what an action-oriented, fully human theory of evolution should
look like and how to build it.
LOYE'S SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND
Building on a B.S. in psychology at Dartmouth and an M.A. in the psychology
of personality and a Ph.D. in social psychology with a sociology minor
from the New School for Social Research (now New School University), over
the years Loye has accumulated the experience and training to work as
an expert in social, experimental, survey, and media research, and as
a professional systems scientist, futurist, and evolution theorist.
A former member of the psychology faculty of Princeton University, for
nearly a decade Dr.Loye was a professor in the research series and Director
of Research for the Program on Psychosocial Adaptation and the Future
at the UCLA School of Medicine. He is a co-founder of the Society for
the Study of Chaos Theory in Psychology and the Life Sciences and a co-founder
of the General Evolution Research Group (GERG), a multidisciplinary group
composed of scholars from Italy, France, Germany, Finland, Hungary, Russia,
China, and the United States.
He is an editor, board member and book reviewer for the group's journal,
World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution, a member of
the advisory council of the journal Advanced Development, and
the scientific advisory council to Pluriverso, a leading European
His psychohistory The Healing of a Nation received the Anisfield
Wolfe Award for the best scholarly book on race relations in 1971. The
Leadership Passion was hailed by Contemporary Psychology
as a "major advance" in its field. The Knowable Future
and The Sphinx and the Rainbow are recognized as pioneering works
of unusual stature in futures studies and the psychology of consciousness.
Two books of which he is the editor are notable for their contribution
to the development of an adequate theory of evolution. He is the editor
of The Evolutionary Outrider: The Impact of the Human Agent on Evolution
— a book of essays by evolutionary scientists in which Loye introduces
his own development of Evolution Action Theory and Riane Eisler’s
development of Relational Dynamics—and The Great Adventure:
Toward a Fully Human Theory of Evolution, in which Loye and other
members of the General Evolution Research Group probe prospects for building
a “full spectrum, action-oriented” theory of evolution.
For his contribution to the development of chaos theory in social science,
in 1999 he was honored with the Humanitarian Award of the Society for
the Study of Chaos Theory in Psychology and the Life Sciences. “For
contributions to the chaos community and the evolution of moral sensitivity,”
the Award reads. In a recent book, An Arrow Through Chaos, Loye
outlines the new view of the power and the function in evolution of our
human capacity to predict the future on which in part this award was based.
A special award in 2000 by the Foundation for Ethics and Meaning honored
Riane Eisler and David Loye for “a human and intellectual partnership
that has been dedicated to the knowledge of what matters most to future
Besides many articles in magazines and journals, Loye is a contributor
(with the late Milton Rokeach) to the International Encylopedia of
Neurology, Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis and Psychology;
to the World Encyclopedia of Peace published by Pergamon Press;
and—writing on the concept of evil—to the Encyclopedia
of Violence, Peace, and Conflict Resolution published by Academic
Copyright: David Loye
Used with kind Permission